All staff and students who wish to enter and work in any space in the Fabrication Workshop after hours must successfully complete this safety induction.
You are required to read through the induction, successfully complete the online multiple choice quiz and acknowledge that you have read and understood the content. Only when the induction has been successfully completed will General Fabrication Workshop after hour access be granted.
- If students are found to be in the Fabrication Workshop after hours who have not completed the induction they will be asked to leave immediately.
- If students are found to be letting others in who have not completed the induction their access to the Fabrication Workshop may be revoked.
- If students are found to violate the workshop rules or compromised workshop and student safety, their access to the Fabrication Workshop may be revoked.
This Safety Induction was last updated on 22 Feb 2017.
Occupational Health and Safety
What is OHS?
Occupational Health and Safety (OH&S) involves both developing and continually improving the systems and procedures that outline the way in which we carry out work within the University of Melbourne. They are designed to assist in making our workplace a safe environment for all users.
Our system is NOT designed as a means of attributing blame, but rather as a means of improving existing systems, identifying shortcomings in existing modes of working and collaboratively developing processes to ensure the Melbourne School of Design, Fabrication Workshop is a safe place to work.
All students, staff and visitors to the University of Melbourne have OH&S obligations, and we appreciate your feedback!
Legal Framework for OHS
The principal Act relating to Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) is the Occupational Health and Safety Act 2004. The Act imposes broad duties on employers, employees and others involved in managing health and safety in a workplace. All personnel have a responsibility to follow the Act at all times when working at the University of Melbourne.
The Regulations under the Occupational Health and Safety Act 2004 are the Occupational Health and Safety regulations 2007. The regulations impose more detailed and often prescriptive duties on employers, employees and others involved in managing health and safety in a workplace. All personnel have a responsibility to follow the regulations at all times when working at the University of Melbourne.
- Compliance Codes
Provide minimum guidance or standards that can be adopted to enable duty holders to meet the requirements of the Act
Australian Standards provide safety and technical information
Duty of Care
Upon entering any university building and specifically the Fabrication Workshop all students, staff and visitors are bound by a Duty of Care. This means that each user must take responsibility for the health and safety of him/herself and of other users who may be affected by his/her actions while in the Fabrication Workshop. Students, staff and visitors must: -
- not place themselves or other persons at risk of injury;
- observe all instructions and safety guidelines issued by workshop staff or other relevant staff;
- observe all workshop rules;
- be aware of Emergency and OH&S Procedures;
- use equipment and plant in a safe manner, and follow all safe operating procedures;
- actively participate in safety training and information session;
- assist in the maintenance of the laboratory or workshop; and
- report any incidents to relevant staff.
All areas in the fabrication workshop share the basic rules listed below which must be adhered to at all times as well as specific rules for individual workshop spaces. These rules must be adhered to at all times.
Only students and staff that have completed inductions will be allowed in the workshop spaces.
No unauthorised access to Fabrication Workshop
Authorisation will be granted after the successful completion of the required induction, training, and certification procedures have been successfully completed. If students are found to have let people in whom have not completed the induction their access will be revoked.
No unauthorised use of equipment
Equipment authorisation will only be granted after the successful completion of the required induction, training, and certification procedures for each piece of equipment. Different levels of training are required depending on the type and location of equipment.
If there is something you don’t know or understand ask one of the staff or other students.
Instructions must be observed
All instructions, written or verbal, issued by staff must be observed;
All safety guidelines must be adhered to.
Machinery operated in safe manner at all times
Equipment and plant / machinery is to be operated in a safe manner and in accordance with the procedures demonstrated by staff. Activities involving equipment / machinery supplied by students must be cleared first with workshop staff.
Personal protective equipment
Personal protective equipment (ppe) and other specialised safety equipment is to be worn as indicated in signage and specified in standard operating procedures.
Appropriate clothing to the area and task is to be worn at all times - for instance, jewellery or loose fitting clothing is not to be worn in proximity to operational machinery, and beards and long hair are to be rigorously contained when operating machinery or power tools.
No food and drinks
Food and drink is not to be consumed in the workshops.
No running in the workshops or laboratory spaces.
Approved materials only
A list of safe materials permitted to be used in the space is available here. If a material (including glues, paints & stains) is not present on the safe material list you must acquire the material safety data sheet (MSDS). Email the MSDS to firstname.lastname@example.org and await approval before bringing the material into the Fabrication Workshop.
All Safety Data Sheets (SDS) and labels should be read carefully. Safety signs, instructions and notices should be read carefully as well.
Emergency buttons, exits and procedures
All staff and students should make themselves aware of emergency buttons, exits and procedures.
Standard Operating Procedures (SOP)
Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) should be strictly adhered to when operating each piece of equipment, plant or machinery.
Clean up after yourself
Students and staff should clean up and put things away after use as they may become safety hazards.
No external tools
Students cannot bring their own power tools. If you need to use machines that are not in the workshop, check with the staff first.
If a machine is damaged, broken or not operating in the way it should the machine should be shut down, removed from power and staff notified
Cutting mats to be used on table tops.
the fabrication workshop is not a storage area for models and projects. Only models being worked on can be kept in the workshop space and must be stored in the designated areas with a completed model making card. When the model is not used it must be removed from the workshop. Items that are not labeled or stored in the appropriate ways will be disposed of.
Think before you act
Fabrication workshop staff reserve the rights to revoke access should they find personnel not abiding the mentioned rules or are compromising workshop and student safety.
Storage & clean up
The fabrication workshop is not a storage area. Only models and projects being worked on can be left in the fabrication workshop on the shelves under the benches. If items are not in these locations staff may throw them away at any time. Students cannot store work, personal items, materials, equipment, models etc in the fabrication workshop. Workshop staff and building maintenance personnel are not employed to organise, tidy or clean up after you.
- If a bin is not easily accessible, ask a staff member.
- Clean up after yourself. It is the responsibility of all workshop users to keep area clean and tidy at all times. Workshop staff and building maintenance personnel are not employed to clean-up after you.
- Keep areas around machines and walkways clear.
- Don’t block or obscure emergency evacuation thoroughfares.
- Clean down benches, machinery and sweep the floors when you have finished or requested to by staff.
- When you have finished using tools/equipment put it back in its allocated space.
- If a tool it is broken, blunt, damaged or unsafe to use it is your responsibility to inform staff.
- If you break or damage tools or equipment it is your responsibility to inform staff.
- Do not return or put away damaged tools/equipment without informing staff, as the next user could be seriously hurt or injured.
Mess causes multiple OHS issues, such as:
- Limiting movement, access and create a serious ohs issue in case of a fire.
- Adding to the combustible material and heighten the risk in the event of a fire.
- Adding to the likely hood of someone being injured by slipping, tripping and falling.
- Encouraging vermin and rodents.
- Organize your clutter making sure it doesn’t interfere with other operations or process in the workshops.
- Clean up after yourself. Dispose of rubbish in allocated bins.
- Store your items in the designated areas on the shelves under the benches.
- If you leave anything behind in the designated areas, label it with your name, contact details, the date you left it and the date you will collect.
- Place your bags or items in access ways or doorways.
- Block fire exits or equipment.
- Leave your clutter expecting someone else will deal with it.
In the workshop, picture safety signs use universal symbols to:
- Prevent accidents signal health hazards indicate the location of safety, first aid and fire protection equipment
- Give clear guidance and instruction in emergency procedures
- Form part of the total safety information system of the area.
Picture safety signs warn of hazards or risks that are present in the workplace and inform users in the workplace how to avoid that hazard or risks, or its effects. In addition to the picture signs, many individual machines and processes have detailed signs explaining “step by step” instructions to use them safely.
|Prohibition signs||Warning signs||Emergency signs||Mandatory signs|
|White background with red borders and cross bar||Triangle, Yellow background with black border||Rectangle, Green background and white symbol||Circle, Blue background with white symbol|
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is a piece of clothing or equipment designed to protect an individual from risk of injury. PPE can include but is not limited to:
- Safety Glasses
- Face Shields
- Safety Boots
- Ear Muffs
- Dust Masks
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is design to be the last line of defence between you and a hazard. You will find it is the lowest level of control measure in the Hierarchy of Controls.
Choosing what PPE to wear depends on what you are doing. For example if you are using a piece of machinery it is highly likely you will have to wear safety glasses or face shield. You should always read the Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) and consult your lecturer or technician. Selecting the correct type of PPE for the task is also very important. For example there are many different forms of dust masks and respirators. Some protect you from dust (e.g. saw dust) but will not protect you from fumes (e.g. spray paint). Always check with the manufacturer and talk with your lecturer or technician about these issues.
|Glove protection||Hearing protection||Breathing protection||Eye protection|
PPE must be worn when indicated by signage such as the examples above. These signs will be found on the walls around the Fabrication Workshop and within the SOPs for different machines.
The workshops are places where actual items are made and constructed. Because this can involve manual work using equipment and machinery the wearing of appropriate clothing is very important. Please be sensible in what you wear in the workshops. Items like jewellery, loose hair and clothing can be caught in equipment and machinery resulting in a serious injury.
- Wear sturdy secured clothing that offers you some protection and doesn't matter if it gets dirty or damaged.
- Contain and secure long hair and beards to reduce the risk of being caught in equipment and machinery.
- Wear appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).
- Wear your best clothing as it can be damaged or ruined.
- Wear high heel shoes.
- Wear thongs, sandals or open toed shoes.
- Wear loose fitting clothing.
- Wear jewellery.
Standard Operating Procedures
Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) are usually a one to two page document attached to or near a piece of plant or equipment. They are designed to reminder you of the safe way of using that piece of equipment not to replace instruction manuals or training. Once you have been trained you should always read them before operating any piece of equipment.
General Hand Tool Safety
- Students unfamiliar with tools should seek technical assistance from workshop staff
- Ensure equipment is not damaged. Faulty equipment should not be used and reported to workshop staff
- Ensure tools are sharp and work ready.
- Keep work area clean at all times
- Hold sharpened tools point down when walking to work bench, never place in your pockets.
- Ensure the tools is appropriate for the task i.e. don’t use a wood chisel on metal
- Do not use excessive force
- Be aware of projectiles that are created when using tools
- Do not hammer or strike tools unless they are designed for that purpose
- Cut in a direction away from your body
- Make sure your grip and footing are secure when using tools
- Use the right personal protective equipment for the job
- Keep hands behind the cutting edge of sharp tools such as chisels and gouges when removing materials.
- Store tools in appropriate shadow boards
- Ensure cutting edges are sharpened as required
- Appropriate disposal of used blades and tools. If unsure of how to dispose blades safely, seek guidance from staff.
General Machine Tool Safety
- Safety glasses or goggles must be worn at all times whilst using machinery and power tools.
- Give your full attention to the task when operating any machinery.
- Make sure that only the operator and the helpers are inside the safety zone around the machinery.
- Never talk to or distract a person who is operating machinery.
- Ask workshop staff to approve all special setups.
- Keep the floor around the machinery free of any material, including scraps.
- Be certain that saws and cutters are sharp and properly installed.
- Do not change a cutter or blade without permission and assistance from workshop staff.
- When replacing hot wire, saws or cutters, ensure that the power is OFF at the circuit breaker box and unplugged.
- Ensure that all guards are in place and operating properly before turning on power to machinery.
- Remove all spanners, chuck keys, hex keys and other setup tools from machinery and the table before operating.
- Do not permit anyone else to turn on any machinery you are operating.
- Do not use a tool with a frayed wire or a defective switch (report it immediately to workshop staff).
- Arrange cords on portable equipment to prevent them being snared in the machinery or causing others to trip.
- Do not use any electrical tools when flammable gas, liquids or vapours are present.
- Keep electrical cords away from hot, wet or oily place.
- Notify workshop staff immediately if machinery does not appear to be running or operating properly.
- Never make adjustments while machinery is running.
- In case of an electrical power failure, turn off the machinery and stand clear.
- Turn off the power and wait until the cutting tool stops turning before leaving any machinery.
It is important to be aware of potential hazards. Hazard is something that has the potential to cause harm. You need to think and be aware of potential hazards and try to avoid them. Hazards come in many forms. They include but are not limited to:
- Machinery and Tools - punctures, stabs, cuts, abrasions, amputations, etc.
- Chemical and Material - poisoning, allergic reactions, etc.
- Manual Handling - sprains, strains, muscle tearing, etc.
- Slips, trips and falls - bone brakes, head injuries, etc.
- Environmental, Air Quality and Noise - suffocation, illness, hearing damage, etc.
- Ergonomics - repetitive strain injury, carpal tunnel, etc.
- Biological - disease, contagions, etc.
- Electrical - shock, burns, etc.
In the event of an emergency, staff should be able to access University emergency resources for assistance. Please be aware of:
- The first aid resources available (eg location of first aid kit, first aider);
- Emergency response arrangements, such as evacuation and assembly area;
- How to raise the alarm in the event of an emergency.
First Aid Response
The Model Making Space contains a first aid with a burns kit and eye wash. If you suffer an injury whilst operating a machine use the emergency stop button for that corresponding machine. Initiate treatment immediately with the first aid kit and notify the staff immediately. A list of First Aid trained workshop staff can be found on the Workshop OHS Notice Board.
After working hours – University of Melbourne Security
+61 8344 6666
If you or the first aid supervisor feels extra attention will be needed please call 000.
In the event of a fire:
- Assist any person in immediate danger only if safe to do so.
- Close door to isolate fire.
- Raise the alarm by contacting Parkville Security or your local campus emergency number.
- Attack fire with appropriate equipment only if safe to do so.
- Activate the Fire Break Glass Alarm (if installed), or use other means to raise the alarm within the building, if necessary.
- Follow your own Building Emergency Evacuation Procedures
- Evacuate if necessary: leave immediately by the nearest safe exit and go directly to your assembly area.
- At your assembly area, please wait patiently for further instructions.
The ALERT tone "BEEP BEEP" means "Stand by".
- Prepare to evacuate.
- Wardens will investigate and confirm if evacuation is required.
The EVACUATION tone "WHOOP WHOOP" means "Evacuate". When advised, or when you become aware of a threat requiring evacuation:
- Follow all instructions from wardens.
- Leave immediately by the nearest safe exit and go directly to assembly area (Concrete Lawn).
- At your assembly area (Concrete Lawn), please wait patiently for further instructions.
If you are aware of potential hazards we can avoid or manage them. This is called Risk Management. Risk Management is a four step process:
Identify the hazard. What is it that could cause harm or ill health?
Assess the risk associated with the hazard. What is the chance of causing you or another person harm or ill health? How long are you or another person exposed to the hazard? How often are you or another person exposed to the hazard?
Control the risk. Use the "Hierarchy of Controls" (see below) to manage the risk.
Review the process. Because things change or are missed you should repeat Risk Management process as needed.
Hierarchy of Controls
When you encounter a hazard try and use what is known as the Hierarchy of Controls. This has been design to help you think about the process and reduce or eliminate the hazard. This is a hierarchical process where you try and get rid of problem starting at number one and working down the list. The last resort should always be using Personal Protection Equipment (PPE).
This is the best way to control a hazard by removing it completely. Ask yourself the questions: Do I really need to do this? Can I remove the hazard?
The second best way to control a hazard is to replace it with something that is less dangerous. Ask yourself the questions: Is there a safer way to do this/ Is there a better and safer process? For example, Can I use another safer chemical?
The third best way to control a hazard is to use engineering methods such as redesigning or replacing equipment with safer options. You can also use items such as guards and local extraction. Ask yourself the questions: Is there a newer and safer piece of equipment? Can you put guards or barriers into place to protect you from risks?
The fourth best way to control a hazard is by developing administrative procedures to deal with the hazard. These procedures are items such as Risk Assessments, Safe Work Instructions, Permits to work, Training, Supervision, Signage, etc. Ask yourself the questions: Do I require supervision or task specific training? What written procedures can be developed to reduce the risk?
- Personal Protection Equipment (PPE)
The final and fifth way to control a hazard is to wear Personal Protection Equipment such as safety glasses, aprons, ear muffs, etc. Ask yourself the question: What safety equipment do I have to wear to protect myself?
All incidents, injuries or near misses should be formally reported to any workshop staff. A near miss is an incident that could have had potentially serious consequences but luckily was avoided. Ask the Fabrication Workshop Manager if the incident needs to be reported.
Where an incident involves personal injury:
- Attend to the injured person.
- Contact the nearest first-aider.
- Notify emergency services and University of Melbourne Security if necessary.
Report the hazard or incident immediately to the relevant manager. In the case of:
- Student, contact the staff member supervising the activity.
- Student injured whilst not under supervision, contact University of Melbourne Security or a staff member.
All hazards, incidents and accidents involving University of Melbourne staff, students or property, or other persons or property for which the University has a legislative responsibility, must be reported to supervising staff members using the University online Incident Report Form.
Why do these incidents, injuries or near misses need to be reported? We need your support with this procedure as it will assist us in improving our systems. If we are unaware that accidents or potential accidents are happening we cannot improve our systems and potential hazards remain. Also certain serious incidents require immediate notification to WorkSafe Victoria and if they are not you and The University of Melbourne could be in breach of the law. Serious incidents will require investigation by Human Resources and the site should, where practicable, remain untouched until the investigation has been completed.
Failure to abide with any of these rules and conditions will be immediately met with revocation of Level 2 privileges, requiring users to repeat the Level 2 training before their privileges are restored. In extreme cases (such as; blatant misuse of facilities or equipment, or endangering another's safety) Level 1 access will be permanently revoked.
This quiz has been compiled to ensure all students and staff accessing the Fabrication Workshop have thorough knowledge and understanding of Occupational Health and Safety obligations, policies and procedures.
You must correctly answer all 20 questions to pass. Check your accuracy at the end to confirm you have passed. If you have any answers wrong you will need to submit a new response.
A record of your results will be digitally recorded.